According to the Partnership of Child Development (PCD), OVC (Orphans and Vulnerable Children) is now an umbrella term that encompasses various categories of children in need. It has various connotations in different countries of sub-Saharan Africa and the following definitions of the keywords are used. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Children (UNCRC) classifies “every human being below the age of eighteen years as a child and this is unless, under the law applicable to the child, the majority is attained earlier”. A child of 0 to 17 years can be either a #SINGLE or #DOUBLE ORPHAN, or even a #SOCIAL ORPHAN. In the first category of orphans, either one or both of the parents are deceased. Also, some children are classified as social orphans when biological parents are unable to take care of them for different reasons including sickness and poverty.
The first RHC (Residential Homes for Children) in Ghana, Osu Children’s Home was opened in 1949 to care for 500 children. After independence, the government took over the administration of the Osu RHC. By 1998, there was a sharp increase in the number of orphanages in Ghana because of the lack of rigid regulations, paving the way for individuals to open various facilities without necessarily consulting the DSW.
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